Puttu / Ari Puttu (Steamed Rice Cake) – Healthy Kerala Breakfast

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‘Puttu’ (Malayalam: പുട്ട്) is a healthy breakfast specialty of Kerala. It is so popular that you can find it in any Kerala tea shops, hotels and also, there will be no families who don’t prepare ‘Puttu’ for their breakfast in every week. The easiness of its preparation makes it a hit breakfast for the busy mornings.

It is very simple and requires only 4 ingredients – Rice flour, grated coconut, salt, and water. All the ingredients are mixed to get the right texture (crumbled form) and it is steamed in a Puttu maker (normally made of metal) called ‘Puttu Kutti’ (Malayalam: പുട്ട് കുറ്റി). It has a cylindrical upper portion and a pot-like bottom. The both sections are separated by a perforated lid. Water is added to the bottom part and the flour mixture is added in layers to the upper part. The hot steam rising from the bottom will cook the rice flour in minutes. Instead of using cylindrical Puttu maker, some people use ‘Chiratta’ or empty coconut shell ( the half portion which has eyes) and it is called ‘Chiratta Puttu’. Nowadays, the metal version of Chiratta Puttu maker is available in the market.


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Chiratta Puttu


There are so many other varieties of Puttu like Wheat Puttu, Irachi Puttu, Carrot Puttu, Ragi Puttu and so on – the list is big.  In this recipe post, you will see how a Puttu is made in a traditional way.


  1. Roasted Rice Flour – 2 cups
  2. Grated Coconut – 1 cup
  3. Water – 1 cup
  4. Salt – As per taste


  1. Fill 3/4th of Puttu maker (pot) with water. Keep it for boiling. Meanwhile, make the Puttu mixture.
  2. Take rice flour in a wide vessel.
  3. Sprinkle enough salt to it.
  4. (Optional Step) Add a handful of grated coconut (nearly a cup).
  5. Sprinkle water little by little and mix well. Add water only to make the flour moist. Take a handful of mix and press it. It should hold its shape while pressing and it should fall apart when you try to crumble it. 0008 Puttu3_small
  6. Add a tbsp of grated coconut to the cylinder. On top of it, add 3 to 4 tbsp of rice flour mixture. Layer another tbsp of grated coconut and then rice mixture. Continue till the cylinder is filled and finish it by adding coconut.
  7. Keep the cylinder above the pot. Close it with lid.
  8. Let it steam for about 4 to 5 minutes or till a nice aroma of cooked rice flour comes. 0008 Puttu5_steaming.gif
  9. When the Puttu is cooked, remove the cylinder from the pot.
  10. Push the Puttu out of the cylinder using some wooden stick or handle of a long spoon.0008-Puttu5_pushout.gif
  11. Serve hot. See some of the best combinations for Puttu listed below.

Some of the best combinations for having Puttu:

  1. Puttu + Pazham (Small Banana) + Pappadam
  2. Puttu + Pazham Puzhungiyathu (Steamed Big Banana)
  3. Puttu + Cherupayar curry (Green Gram curry)
  4. Puttu + Kadala curry (Chickpeas curry)
  5. Puttu + Chicken curries or roast
  6. Puttu + Fish curries
  7. Puttu + Beef curry, roast or fry
  8. Puttu + Egg curry
  9. Puttu + Mutton dishes
  10. Puttu + Pork dishes
  11. Puttu + Vegetable Stew
  12. Puttu  + Vegetable Stir Fry
  13. Puttu + Black Tea
  14. Puttu + Pappadam
  15. Puttu + Sugar

Do try this tasty breakfast at home and let us know your feedback.



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